Yoga is not just a physical discipline but more than that. Of course it is a way
to get a sound body. But a sound mind is also the need of the hour. And here yoga
plays an important role. Actually yoga has something to do with both philosophical
and spiritual well being. That is why there a variety of yoga types and yoga postures.
Different disciplines of yoga have different functions but their integrated effect
is to strengthen both body and mind. Yoga does this by giving strength and endurance
to the body. These yoga types helps considerably in mind relaxation also and many
health related anomalies disappears if the various yoga types are performed consistently
for longer period.
Types of yoga
Here are some most prominent yoga types which are instrumental in bringing a great
change in the life.
- Abhava yoga: The concept of Abhava yoga is found in the Puranas,
the ancient Indian scripture. The meaning of Abhava yoga is power without any support.
It deals with the practice of yoga the crux of which is concentration on self without
any outside support. This yoga type does not advocate for the recitation of any
kind of hymns. It is only the power of self that works in performing Abhava yoga.
- Adhyatma yoga: Adhytma yoga derives its concept from Upanishads,
the ancient vedic literature. This yoga type deals with the integration of inner
self with external force. It is done with the help of self realization. This self
realization is possible only with practicing Adhytma yoga.
- Ashtanga yoga: This yoga type deals with the unifying force concerning
the eight limbs. Practicing Ashtanga yoga asks for attention the eight limbs. These
eight limbs include Yam, Nivam Asana, Pranayam, Pratyahar, Dharan Dhayan and Samadhi.
Yam is realated to moral code, Niyam is related to descipiline, pranayam means breathing
exercises, pratyahar deals with self withdrawal, dharan means concentration on substances
and dhayan deals with meditation whereas the meaning of Samadhi is salvation.
- Agni yoga: it deals with the discipline of fire. It emphasizes
on the importance of Kundalini which ois called the serpent power of the body. This
serpent power is aroused with the help of manas. Manas is the combination of mind
and life force. Taking control of life force and mind by practicing yoga is the
ultimate philosophy of Agni yoga.
- Bhakti yoga: Bhakti yoga deals with the love and dedication. The combination of
these two is the ultimate way of getting close to the God, the chief of the moral
and material world. The concept of Bhakti yoga has been taken from the Bhagvata
Gita, an ancient Indian scripture devoted to Bhakti.
- Karma yoga: This yoga type deals with the action and the result of this action.
Practicing Karma yoga brings with it the good and destroys evil. The action dealt
in the karma yoga is devoted to God and the performance of action is done only with
- Jnana yoga: this yoga type deals with knowledge which includes self realization,
study, desire and protection.
- Hatha Yoga: This yoga type is very popular in western world and emphasizes on the
different postures of yoga.